1 a floor made of parquetry [syn: parquet floor]
2 seating on the main floor between the orchestra and the parquet circle
the part of a theatre between the orchestra and the parquet circle
- Finnish: permanto
to lay or fit such a floor
- German: parkettieren
Parquetry is a geometric mosaic of wood pieces used for decorative effect. The two main uses of parquetry are as veneer patterns on furniture and block patterns for floors. The patterns of parquet flooring are entirely geometrical and angular— squares, triangles, lozenges. The use of curved and natural shapes constitutes marquetry rather than parquetry. The most popular parquet flooring pattern is herringbone.
History(French parqueterie, from parquet.) The large diagonal squares known as parquet de Versailles were introduced there in 1684, as parquet de menuiserie ("woodwork parquet"), to replace the marble flooring that required constant washing, which tended to rot the joists beneath the floors. Such parquets en lozange were noted by the Swedish architect Daniel Cronström at Versailles and at the Grand Trianon in 1693.
MaterialsTimber contrasting in color and grain, such as oak, walnut, cherry, lime, pine, maple etc. are sometimes employed; and in the more expensive kinds the richly coloured mahogany and sometimes other tropical hardwoods are also used. While not technically a wood, bamboo is also a popular material for modern floors.
Parquet floors were formerly usually adhered with hot bitumen. Today more modern cold adhesives are usually used.
Pop cultureOne of the most famous parquet floors is the one used by the Boston Celtics of the NBA. The original floor, which was installed at the Celtics' original home of Boston Arena in 1946, was moved intact to Boston Garden in 1952 and used there until the team moved to what was then known as FleetCenter in 1995. The floor remained intact and in use until it was cut up and sold as souvenirs in 1999, after the 1998 demolition of Boston Garden. The Celtics today play on a parquet floor that combines old and new sections.
CleaningWood floors may be brushed clean, and mopped when necessary. Upright vacuum cleaners can scratch and wear the surface, as grit particles become embedded in the spinning brushes.
RepairParquet floors are usually long lasting and require little or no maintenance.
Unstuck blocks are re-glued. Bitumen glued blocks require use of either hot bitumen or a cold bitumen emulsion, as other glue types do not adhere to bitumen.
parquet in German: Parkett
parquet in Spanish: Entarimado
parquet in Persian: پارکت
parquet in French: Parquet (construction)
parquet in Italian: Parquet
parquet in Hebrew: פרקט
parquet in Dutch: Parket (vloerbedekking)
parquet in Japanese: 寄木細工
parquet in Russian: Паркет
parquet in Sicilian: Parchè
parquet in Finnish: Parketti
parquet in Turkish: Parke
parquet in Chinese: 寄木細工
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